# Suggestions for you as you plan to teach …

• ## … episode01 of the SPT topic: Electric circuits

### There's a good chance you could improve your teaching if you were to:

Try these

• emphasising the simultaneous movement of charge, everywhere in the loop
• using model to mean a toolkit for thinking with that is capable of generating predictions
• reasoning about electrical loops as complete systems

Teacher Tip: Work through the Physics Narrative to find these lines of thinking worked out and then look in the Teaching Approaches for some examples of activities.

Avoid these

• not challenging imprecise language, reasoning, diagramming
• using sequential models, such as donation models
• electrical energy

Teacher Tip: These difficulties are distilled from: the research findings; the practice of well-connected teachers with expertise; issues intrinsic to representing the physics well.

This appears as El01TL as El01TLnugget17 in the full materials.

• ## … episode02 of the SPT topic: Electric circuits

### There's a good chance you could improve your teaching if you were to:

Try these

• using model to mean a toolkit for thinking with that is capable of generating predictions
• reasoning about electrical loops as complete systems
• reasoning about parallel circuits as two complete loops
• being consistent in how you draw circuits

Teacher Tip: Work through the Physics Narrative to find these lines of thinking worked out and then look in the Teaching Approaches for some examples of activities.

Avoid these

• using sequential models, such as donation models
• conflating energy shifting and charge flowing
• electrical energy

Teacher Tip: These difficulties are distilled from: the research findings; the practice of well-connected teachers with expertise; issues intrinsic to representing the physics well.

This appears as El02TL as El02TLnugget17 in the full materials.

• ## … episode03 of the SPT topic: Electric circuits

### There's a good chance you could improve your teaching if you were to:

Try these

• relating the brightness of lamps to what's happening to the current and voltage in each loop
• using semi-quantitative reasoning and physical models, such as the rope loop

Teacher Tip: Work through the Physics Narrative to find these lines of thinking worked out and then look in the Teaching Approaches for some examples of activities.

Avoid these

• diving straight into the sums to be done
• using ad-hoc rules to generate the sums to be done

Teacher Tip: These difficulties are distilled from: the research findings; the practice of well-connected teachers with expertise; issues intrinsic to representing the physics well.

This appears as El03TL as El03TLnugget15 in the full materials.